The guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Recycling Resources Industry

2017-02-21 10:29:32 Admin 15

    All provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government and cities with separate plans, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps industrial and information, business, science and technology departments, relevant industry associations, relevant units:

    In order to implement the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China", "Made in China 2025" (Guo Fa [2015] No. 28), guide and promote the sustainable development of the renewable resources industry during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period Healthy and rapid development, the following comments are made:

    First, fully understand the importance of developing renewable resources industry

    Since the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", China's renewable resources industry has continued to expand. In 2015, China's main renewable resources recycling capacity was about 246 million tons, and the industrial scale was about 1.3 trillion yuan. A large number of renewable resource enterprises have grown and developed, and in some areas, a cluster of industrial clusters has begun to take shape. The level of technology and equipment in the renewable resources industry has been greatly enhanced, and the development model has continued to innovate. The development and utilization of renewable resources has become an important source of national resource supply, and has played an active role in alleviating resource constraints, reducing environmental pollution, promoting employment, and improving people's livelihood. At the same time, however, it also faces some outstanding problems, mainly because the concept of recycling has not yet been popularized in the whole society. The recycling system needs to be improved, the degree of industrial intensification is low, the level of technical equipment is not high, and the social awareness of recycled products. Low, supporting policies are not perfect, the service system has not been established, and the basic capabilities such as standards, statistics, and talents are weak.

    During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, China's development is still in an important period of strategic opportunities that can make a big difference. Economic development has entered a new normal, improving quality and efficiency, and the requirements for green development in transition and upgrading are more urgent. With the social consumption of raw materials such as steel and non-ferrous metals, electrical and electronic products, plastics, rubber products and other scraps continue to increase, the number and variety of renewable resources have also increased significantly, and the renewable resources industry has great potential for development.

    The development of renewable resources industry is an important part of ecological civilization construction, an important means to achieve green development, and an important way to cope with climate change and ensure ecological security. Promoting the healthy and sustainable development of the renewable resources industry will play a positive role in transforming the development mode and realizing the recycling of resources. Vigorously developing the renewable resource industry is also of great significance for comprehensively promoting green manufacturing, achieving green growth, and guiding green consumption.

 

    Second, the overall requirements

    (1) Guiding ideology

    Fully implement the spirit of the Party's 18th and 18th Central, 4th, 5th, and 6th Plenary Sessions, firmly establish and implement innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development concepts, and strive to promote supply-side structural reforms. Taking the transformation and upgrading of the renewable resources industry as the main line, taking the innovation system and mechanism as the guarantee, strengthening the construction of laws and regulations, upgrading the level of industrial technology and equipment, increasing the added value of renewable resources products, and accelerating the greening, recycling, and synergy of the renewable resources industry. Promote, specialize, and cluster development, promote the development of renewable resources industry to become an important pillar of green environmental protection industry and a new economic growth point, form a development model of renewable resources industry adapted to China's national conditions, and accelerate the industrial green development and ecological civilization construction. contribution.

    (2) Basic principles

    Market-led, government guidance, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, take enterprises as the main body, improve relevant support policies, and stimulate enterprise vitality and creativity. Strengthen the government's guiding role in system construction, policy formulation and industry development, and create a good environment for enterprise development.

    Highlight key points and classify policies. Focus on the production of large quantities, strategically strong, and easy to recycle renewable resources, classification guidance, precise policy, improve technical specifications, and implement customized management of sub-categories, sub-categories, and sub-fields.

    Innovation-driven, transformation and upgrading. Strengthen the combination of production, education and research, promote advanced and applicable key technologies, promote business model innovation and institutional innovation, promote the transformation and upgrading of renewable resources industry structure, and leapfrog development.

    Pilot demonstration, model promotion. Organize the implementation of pilot demonstration projects, encourage outstanding enterprises to try first, adapt to local conditions, form a replicable, can be promoted, can learn from experience, and promote the development of renewable resources industry to agglomeration and specialization.

    (3) Main objectives

    By 2020, the basic construction management system is sound, the technology and equipment are advanced, the industry contribution is outstanding, and the renewable resources industrial system with strong risk resistance and healthy and orderly development has reached 350 million tons of recycled resources. Establish a relatively complete standard and standard, make new breakthroughs in key core technologies for industrial development, and cultivate a number of demonstration enterprises with market competitiveness, and the renewable resource industry will further grow.

 

    Third, the main task

    (1) Green development to ensure the safety of the ecological environment

    The concept of greening will be integrated into all aspects and processes of the renewable resource industry chain, from recycling, sorting, transportation, to processing, recycling, remanufacturing and waste disposal, strictly implementing environmental protection, safety, sanitation, labor protection, Quality standards, promote the comprehensive utilization of renewable resources enterprises to improve the environmental protection system, strengthen the construction and operation management of environmental protection facilities, promote clean production, achieve standard discharge, prevent secondary pollution, and ensure ecological and environmental safety.

    (2) Circular development and promotion of industrial cycle combination

    Combining the construction of “One Belt and One Road, the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, scientific planning, overall planning of industrial belts, spatial layout of industrial parks, and encouragement of material flow, information flow, capital flow, products between enterprises and industries The circular economy combination with tight chain links extends the industrial chain of renewable resources, enhances the added value of renewable resources products, and realizes the recycling of resources across enterprises, industries, industries and regions.

    (3) Synergistic development to enhance industrial innovation capability

    Strengthen the main position of technological innovation of enterprises, encourage enterprises to increase investment in research and development, strengthen the close integration of enterprises with universities and research institutes, encourage and support the establishment of innovation alliances for industry, academia and research, and jointly carry out key common technology research. Accumulate a batch of core technology intellectual property rights and accelerate the transformation and application of technological achievements. Relying on the Internet of Things and big data, focusing on key areas, aiming at the commanding heights of future technology development, building a number of industrial agglomerations, with outstanding advantages, organic integration of production, education and research, leading the demonstration base of renewable resources industry demonstration and upgrading of complete equipment manufacturing Technological innovation capabilities.

    (4) High value development to promote product structure upgrade

    Improve resource utilization efficiency, promote the transition to high value utilization, and ensure the quality and safety of recycled products. Increase the added value of recycled products, avoid low-level utilization and "only cycle is not economical." Revise and improve the relevant standards system for renewable resource products, and encourage the use of certified renewable resource products. Implement remanufacturing projects with new mortgages for remanufacturing. Focus on strengthening the deep processing of renewable resources and increase the added value of products.

    (5) Specialized development to improve resource utilization efficiency

    Promote the scale and refined development of waste electrical and mechanical products, automobiles, electrical and electronic products, batteries and other renewable resources. According to the sub-industry, the characteristics of the renewable resources of the sub-species, the industry standardization conditions and the extension of the producer responsibility system are guided by the classification and management. The service network of telecom operators explores a new model for recycling and recycling of communication products such as used mobile phones, batteries and chargers. Relying on "Internet +", we will establish a recycling model for online and offline integration, and continuously improve the recovery rate of key varieties, especially low-value renewable resources.

    (6) Cluster development to achieve industrial agglomeration

    Encourage the comprehensive utilization of renewable resources to gather and develop enterprises. Encourage industry concentration through mergers, restructurings, and joint ventures. In key areas such as waste non-ferrous metals, waste plastics, and waste electrical and electronic products, relying on technological innovation to achieve large-scale development. Promote the recycling system of renewable resources, the national “urban minerals” demonstration base, the industrial chain of resource recycling bases, and establish a benign development environment for the industry, explore business models that conform to the laws of industrial development, and cultivate leading enterprises of renewable resources.

 

    Fourth, the key areas

    (1) Scrap steel

    Combine the steel production capacity and scrap resources in various regions, reasonably plan the layout of scrap processing and distribution enterprises, and ensure regional market stability and resource supply. Continue to strengthen the standardized management of the scrap steel processing industry, improve the standard system of scrap steel products, promote the improvement of scrap steel utilization industry policies and tax policies, promote the use of scrap steel by steel companies, encourage scrap steel supply enterprises and steel utilization enterprises to deep cooperation, and promote the recycling of scrap steel - Use". The industrial chain is effectively linked to form a scalable industrial innovation model. By 2020, the waste steel processing enterprises will be guided to standardize development, and the consumption of scrap steel will reach 150 million tons.

    (2) Waste non-ferrous metals

    We will promote the construction of a waste non-ferrous metal recycling system based on leading enterprises and pilot demonstration enterprises, and use information technology to improve the intelligence level of waste non-ferrous metals trading. Guide enterprises to enter the park, promote clean production, achieve centralized production, centralized treatment of wastewater, and prevent secondary pollution. By 2020, the utilization of waste non-ferrous metals will reach 18 million tons, including 4.4 million tons of recycled copper, 9 million tons of recycled aluminum, 2.5 million tons of recycled lead and 2.1 million tons of recycled zinc.

    (3) Waste plastics

    Vigorously promote the construction of waste plastic recycling system, support the diversification and high value utilization of different quality waste plastics. Focusing on the current varieties with large resources and high recycling rates, we encourage the demonstration of recycling of key waste plastics, promote the scale-breaking of waste plastics - sorting - modification - granulation advanced high-efficiency production line, and cultivate a group of leading enterprises Actively promote the utilization of waste plastics with low quality and easy to pollute the environment, encourage non-polluting energy utilization of household garbage plastics, and gradually reduce waste plastic landfill. By 2020, the recycling of waste plastics produced in China will reach 23 million tons.

    (4) Waste paper

    Accelerate the construction of waste paper sorting and processing centers, establish large-scale waste paper storage and logistics trading centers in key areas, and effectively reduce the flow costs between waste paper areas. Improve the automation level and standardization degree of waste paper sorting processing, promote waste paper automatic sorting technology and equipment, and improve waste paper recycling utilization rate and high value utilization level. Promote waste utilization and harmless disposal in the process of waste paper utilization, and reduce the environmental impact of waste paper processing and utilization. By 2020, the scale of domestic waste paper recycling will reach 55 million tons, and the domestic waste paper recycling rate will reach 50%.

    (5) Waste tires

    Develop advanced technology for tire remanufacturing and remanufacturing, implement the construction of advanced technology guarantee system for tire retreading, implement product quality monitoring and management, and ensure product quality of retreaded tires. Develop and promote high-efficiency, low-consumption waste tire rubber powder, new environmentally-friendly recycled rubber and thermal cracking production technology and equipment to achieve environmentally-friendly use of waste tires. By 2020, the scale of waste tire recycling and environmental protection will reach 8.5 million tons, and the tire retreading rate will reach 8-10%.

    (6) Waste electrical and electronic products

    Actively implement the “Regulations on the Management of the Recycling of Waste Electrical and Electronic Productsand promote the recycling of waste electrical and electronic products processing catalogue products. Strengthen the resource utilization of waste electrical and electronic products, vigorously develop resources and utilize technical equipment, research and develop the evaluation index system for the utilization of waste electrical and electronic products, and establish a system of leadersfor the recycling of waste electrical and electronic products. Carry out pilot projects for the extension of the responsibility of producers of electrical and electronic products, and explore the formation of a model of producer responsibility extension suitable for different varieties. By 2020, the recycling of waste electrical and electronic products will reach 690 million units.

    (7) Scrapped motor vehicles

    Promote the recycling of scrapped vehicles and resource utilization equipment, actively promote the remanufacturing of engines and major components, implement the remanufacturing product certification, publish the technical catalogue of remanufactured products, formulate standard specifications for recycling of auto parts, and realize high scrapped motor vehicle parts. Value utilization. Piloting the recycling of new energy vehicles' power batteries, establishing and perfecting the standard system for the utilization of waste power batteries, and promoting the utilization of waste power batteries. Through the innovative recycling mechanism, we will explore the establishment of a producer responsibility extension system, improve the level of resource utilization technology, and create a complete scrapped automobile resource industry chain. By 2020, the recycling rate of scrapped motor vehicles will reach 95%.

    (8) Waste textiles

    Promote the construction of waste textile recycling system, standardize the recycling, sorting and grading utilization mechanism of waste textiles. Develop the physical technology of waste bottle tablets, the key technology of high-efficiency continuous production with chemical methods, break through the pretreatment and separation technology of waste textiles, high-value fiber recycling and product production technology. Support the use of waste textiles, waste bottle production of recycled yarn, recycled filament, recycled staple fiber, building materials, municipal materials, automotive interior materials, building materials, etc., to improve waste textiles in geotechnical construction, building materials, automobiles, home decoration, etc. The level of reuse of the field. By 2020, the total utilization of waste textiles will reach 9 million tons.

 

    Fifth. Major pilot demonstration

    (1) Demonstration of selected steel materials for scrap steel

    Focusing on waste steel containing copper, aluminum and other non-ferrous metals and plastics, rubber and other inclusions, developing and promoting automatic and efficient sorting technology and equipment for scrap steel, improving the quality of scrap steel materials, achieving concentrate into the furnace, and by 2020, national steel production The proportion of scrap steel is 15%.

    (2) Demonstration of high value utilization of waste non-ferrous metals

    Develop advanced processes such as raw material processing, pyrometallurgical smelting, wet separation, and valuable metal refining, and develop high-conductivity copper for direct production of scrap copper, high-precision strips for high-purity copper strip production, and improve copper and nickel. Metal, efficiency of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, etc., construction of regenerative high-temperature alloy 10,000-ton, regenerative cemented carbide, titanium and titanium alloy, molybdenum and molybdenum alloy thousand tons, renewable precious metal tonnage above strategic rare metal resource demonstration enterprises .

    (3) Demonstration of high value and high quality utilization of waste plastics

    Focus on the development of automatic identification and sorting technology of waste plastics, separation technology of paper-plastic, aluminum-plastic, steel-plastic composite materials, development of high-value utilization technology such as waste plastic modification, secondary pollution control technology and special equipment for recycling of waste plastics. We will build a group of leading enterprises with a production scale of not less than 200,000 tons/year, and focus on supporting a number of demonstration enterprises for recycling and utilization of waste plastics that effectively promote environmental protection and effectively promote environmental protection, and greatly improve the quality of plastic recycled products and enhance market competitiveness.

    (4) Demonstration of waste paper recycling

    Focus on areas with large amount of waste paper and large utilization, improve logistics systems such as collection, sorting, and packaging, build an electronic trading platform, provide comprehensive services such as funds, transactions, and information, and cultivate 3-5 business operations. The large-scale waste paper processing and trading demonstration base of 300,000 tons or more plays an important agglomeration function in the regional waste paper supply chain.

    (5) Demonstration of clean rubber utilization

    Develop recycled green rubber, intelligent, continuous complete equipment, research and development of industrial continuous tire thermal cracking technology and equipment, promote continuous closed reclaimed rubber production, negative pressure cracking and other technologies, expand modified asphalt, high-strength reclaimed rubber, high quality Promote the application of carbon black and other products, and cultivate 10 demonstration enterprises that clean and high-value waste rubber.

    (6) Pilot demonstration of the extension of the responsibility of producers of electrical and electronic products

    Focusing on fulfilling the recycling and resource utilization of electrical and electronic products, a number of producers’ responsibility extension benchmark enterprises will be built, and a number of third-party organizations including industry organizations will be fostered.