Non-metallic mineral industry "13th Five-Year" Development Plan
Industrial structure adjustment, product upgrade, technical equipment upgrade
Cluster development, environmental green development
One. the status quo
The non-metallic mineral industry mainly includes non-metallic mineral exploration, mining and non-metallic mineral processing products. Non-metallic minerals are important supporting materials for national economic and social development and high-tech industries. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, China's non-metallic mineral industry has made considerable progress and basically met the needs of national economic and social development.
First. Major achievements
(1) Stable development of the industry
In 2015, the national non-metallic mineral industrial enterprises above designated size achieved a sales income of 545.7 billion yuan and a total profit of 41.41 billion yuan. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the annual increase was 14.56% and 10.8%. The output of major non-metallic mineral products has increased or decreased.
(2) Accelerating the development of industrial clusters
Important non-metallic minerals such as graphite, fluorite, kaolin, magnesite, diatomaceous earth, wollastonite, calcium carbonate, etc., rely on the production of resources to gradually form a certain scale of mining and processing bases, and the industry has concentrated on the cluster parks. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, industrial clusters such as Hegang, Jixi Graphite, E. attapulgite, Pear Wollastonite, Baishan Diatomaceous Earth, Hezhou Calcium Carbonate, Faith Perlite, Xinyu Wollastonite and Pingjiang Mica Products were formed. base.
(3) Optimization of industrial structure
The non-metallic mines have been rectified and rectified, and the mining order has been gradually standardized. The proportion of non-metallic mining above the scale has been continuously increased, and the number of small enterprises has decreased by nearly 10,000. The level of non-metal deep processing and product serialization have been further improved, and high-performance mineral functions have been developed. Deep processing products such as fillers, environmental protection additives, soil improvers, refractory industrial wastewater purification materials, lithium ion battery anode materials, and kaolin catalyst carriers.
(4) Improvement of technology and equipment level
The selection process and equipment of kaolin, graphite and fluorite have been continuously improved, and the production level of “three rates” has been improved. A number of non-metal mineral deep processing new processes, new technologies and new equipment have been developed, mainly including superconducting magnetic separation and large-scale superfine Breakthroughs in the research of a batch of major technical equipment such as powder classification, modification technology and equipment, photoelectric color sorter, graphite low-temperature calcination purification technology and equipment.
(5) Green mine construction has achieved initial results
A total of 59 pilot units in the non-gold mining industry have led the demonstration of green mine construction in the whole industry. The mine has made certain progress in standard management, energy conservation and emission reduction, “three wastes” emission standards, and ecological environment management.
Second. The main problems
At present, the following major problems still exist in the non-metallic mineral industry: First, insufficient development and protection of mineral resources, waste of resources and environmental pollution still exist. Second, the industry concentration is low and the scale of production enterprises is small. Third, the product structure is unreasonable, the degree of serialization is low, the overcapacity of traditional products, and mineral functional materials cannot meet market demand. Fourth, the automation and complete sets of technology and equipment in the industry are low, and deep processing and application technology are weak. Fifth, the burden of corporate taxes and fees is heavy, and the structure of taxes and fees is unreasonable. Sixth, the industry management system is not perfect, and operational monitoring needs to be improved. Seventh, the standardization work is lagging behind, and it still cannot promote the development of the industry.
Two. the development of environmental analysis
(1) Research on the development trend of the world economy
The world economy is still in the deep adjustment period after the international financial crisis. The economic growth rate may rebound slightly in the next few years, but the overall recovery is difficult to change significantly, the main economic growth is uneven, the western developed countries' monetary policy differentiation, international finance Market volatility has increased, international commodity prices have fluctuated, and non-economic factors such as geopolitics have increased. The economic development environment is more complicated and the market competition is more intense.
Economic globalization will develop in depth, the international industrial division of labor will accelerate adjustment, emerging economies will continue to rise, and the focus of non-metallic mineral industry and market development will further shift to developing countries or emerging markets. The coexistence of cooperation and competition will continue, international cooperation will be widely promoted, and competition around markets, resources, talents, technologies and standards will become more intense, trade protectionism will rise, and various forms of trade friction will occur frequently. Energy and resource security issues will become more prominent. Emerging industries such as new energy, new materials, energy conservation and environmental protection will emerge, and green development will become the theme of global economic development.
(2) China's economic and social situation
China's economic situation will enter a new normal, economic growth will slow down, and the growth rate of fixed-asset investment will decline year by year. The economic growth rate is in the shift period. The average annual growth rate of the “13th Five-Year Plan” is expected to remain above 6.5%. .
China's development is still in a period of important strategic opportunities. Industrialization policies such as new industrialization, urbanization, revitalization of old industrial bases in Northeast China, development of the western region, national development strategy and ecological civilization construction, strict market access, and overcapacity, are the development of China's non-metallic mineral industry. Provides better opportunities and great challenges. Deepening the structural reform of the supply side, the deep integration of the "two transformations", the rapid development of mobile Internet technologies and the expansion of new application areas will have far-reaching impact on the development of the non-metallic mining industry.
In the future, the development of non-metallic mineral industry will be based on quality improvement, efficiency improvement and upgrading, relying on market pull, innovation drive, policy promotion, and taking the road of integrated development, innovative development and green development. To enhance production efficiency and efficiency, resource conservation and comprehensive utilization, development of productive service industries, development of non-metallic mineral functional materials and products, and to achieve industrial transformation and upgrading.
Three. demand forecast
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the demand for non-metallic mineral products will remain stable and some mineral products will increase or decrease. The transformation and upgrading of traditional industries will increase the demand for high-performance non-metallic mineral products. The development of high-tech industries such as energy conservation, environmental protection, new energy and new materials will be a new growth point for non-metallic minerals. Non-metallic mineral functional materials have great Market potential.
Four. Guiding ideology, basic principles and main objectives
(1) Guiding ideology
Deeply implement the party's new development concept of "innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing", implement the State Council's No. 34 document "to de-capacity, adjust structure, increase efficiency", promote the supply-side structural reform of the non-metallic mineral industry, and accelerate the development mode Transforming and upgrading, adhering to resource conservation and comprehensive utilization, focusing on optimizing industrial structure, technological innovation and new product development and application, vigorously developing non-metallic mineral functional materials, innovating and improving the development level of non-metallic mineral industry, and promoting the sustainable and healthy development of non-metallic mineral industry .
(2) Basic principles
Insist on innovation and development. Vigorously cultivate the technological innovation capability of enterprises, widely promote the use of mature and reliable advanced technology and equipment, strengthen product development, optimize product structure, and comprehensively promote technological advancement and technological upgrading in the industry.
Adhere to coordinated development. Coordinate the relationship between production capacity scale and resources and environment, and develop the relationship between speed, structure and efficiency, and promote coordinated development between upstream and downstream industries.
Adhere to green development. Accelerate the development of environmentally friendly non-metallic mineral industry, reduce energy consumption and material consumption, protect and repair the ecological environment, develop circular economy and low-carbon technologies, and coordinate industrial development with nature.
Stick to the key points. We will focus on key minerals, key products and key application areas that are urgently needed for economic and social development and have great market potential, and guide the allocation of high-quality elements to key enterprises, support and foster the development of resource-specific industrial clusters, and promote the rapid development of the industry.
Adhere to comprehensive utilization. Strictly implement national industrial policies and resource protection policies, rationally develop and utilize non-metallic mineral resources, improve resource utilization efficiency, vigorously carry out comprehensive high-value utilization of low-grade resources such as associated resources and tailings, and actively develop circular economy.
(3) Main objectives
During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the “production, study and research” was established to closely integrate the non-metallic mineral industry system with sustainable development capability. The processing and utilization of key minerals reached the world advanced level, and cultivated a group of innovative and core competitiveness. The backbone enterprises have formed a number of industrial bases with reasonable layout, distinctive features and industrial agglomeration, and the non-metallic mineral functional materials industry has taken shape. The upgrading of non-metallic mineral industry has achieved remarkable results, and the strategic transformation of non-metallic mineral powers into powerful countries has been initially realized.
Five. Development priorities
(1) Accelerating industrial restructuring
Improve the entry barrier. The production enterprises shall propose entry conditions in terms of equipment, technology, scale, safety and environmental protection, and eliminate enterprises with small scale, high resource consumption, heavy environmental pollution, and failing to meet the requirements of safe production, and improve industrial concentration.
Improve the quality of traditional industrial raw and auxiliary materials. We will increase the structural reform of the supply side, upgrade the quality of traditional industrial raw and auxiliary materials, guide the reduction of supply capacity and structural adjustment of excess capacity, and achieve a new level that is compatible with the demand side, and achieve transformation and upgrading.
Increase the development of new products. Vigorously develop high-performance non-metallic mineral functional materials for strategic emerging industries and high-tech industries, develop functionalized and serialized products, and promote product structure adjustment.
Optimize the industrial layout. On the basis of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, we will further optimize the regional industrial distribution of key minerals and promote the development of industrial clusters.
(2) Implementing the development of industrial clusters.
Strengthen resource integration and optimize resource allocation. For areas with abundant non-metallic mineral resources, it is necessary to transform resource advantages into industrial advantages as soon as possible, increase the integration of mineral resources, and implement intensification and scale of resources.
Construct industrial clusters and increase industry concentration. According to the characteristics of resources, the construction of industrial clusters based on the development and utilization of non-metallic minerals will form the capacity from research and development, industrialization to scale development, and build a relatively complete industrial chain to promote and demonstrate the development of the industry. Focus on supporting the existing Hegang and Jixi graphite, Jilin Baishan diatomite, Jilin pear tree wollastonite, Jiangsu attapulgite, Liaoning Jianping bentonite and other industrial clusters and Zhejiang fluorite comprehensive utilization demonstration base; cultivating and supporting the construction of Inner Mongolia Allah Shanmeng graphite, Guangxi Hezhou calcium carbonate, Jiangxi Xinyu wollastonite, Hunan Xiangtan sepiolite, Hebei Lingshou mica, Hunan Pingjiang mica products and other industrial clusters.
(3) Accelerating technological innovation
Improve the research and development system. Establish a research and development system for “production, study and research” around key minerals, products and application fields, and establish a non-metal mining industry technology research and development center in key enterprises and industrial agglomeration bases to tackle key key technologies and equipment.
(4) Accelerating green development
Support non-metallic mineral industry green cleaning and energy-saving production applications, promote the green transformation of non-metallic mineral mining and selection industry, promote the establishment of green low-carbon recycling industrial system; increase environmental pollution control, accelerate the comprehensive utilization of tailings; In areas with strong management and innovation capabilities, we will carry out the construction of green mining development demonstration zones and comprehensively improve the quality of ecological environment.
(5) Speeding up the pace of “going out”
In conjunction with the national “One Belt, One Road” major initiative, we will strengthen the investigation and evaluation of non-metallic mineral resources in countries and regions along the “Belt and Road”, and focus on supporting non-metallic mineral backbone enterprises to “go global” and make good use of domestic and foreign resources and two The market, establish a stable and diversified mineral resources security system, and take the road of international development.
(6) Key areas of development
On the basis of upgrading the performance and application of traditional non-metallic mineral products, we will focus on the development of non-metallic mineral functional materials for agricultural, electronic information, biomedicine, new energy, high-end materials, energy conservation and environmental protection, and aerospace.
Six. safeguard measures
(1) Strengthening policy guidance
Strengthen non-metallic mineral industry policy research, formulate and improve non-metallic mineral industry policies, promote non-metallic mineral industry policies and technology, finance, fiscal, taxation, resources and environmental protection policies; improve backward production capacity withdrawal mechanism and safeguard measures; The mine priority development catalogue, the formulation of non-metallic mineral functional materials, low-grade ore and tailings waste rock comprehensive utilization support policy.
(2) Sound standard system
Continuously improve the industry product standard system, technical specifications, testing methods and certification mechanisms, refine product standards; improve and strengthen the quality, environmental protection, safety and other standards and norms of the production process; accelerate the non-metal based on the absorption and reference of international standards Research and development of mine community standards, accelerate the construction of non-metallic mineral functional materials standardization system, and accelerate the construction of non-metallic mineral "big data".
(3) Strengthening resource security
Strengthen the exploration of mineral resources, attach importance to strategic resource protection, support qualified enterprises to develop and utilize overseas resources; rationally plan the scale of resource development, rectify and standardize the order of mineral resources development, crack down on indiscriminate mining and excavation according to law, improve resource recovery rate, and allocate resources. Tilt to superior enterprises; increase the intensity of geological exploration of shortage resources and increase the supply of resources.
(4) Strengthening industry management
Formulate and improve access conditions for key mineral industries and standardize industry access. Establish and improve the industry statistical monitoring system, grasp the dynamics of the industry, timely release relevant information, and guide and standardize the orderly development of the industry.
In the aspects of industrial policy, development planning, standard setting, technology research and development, production management, information exchange, industry self-discipline, etc., give full play to the functions and functions of industry associations to lead, coordinate and serve, and assist the government to strengthen industry supervision and improve the development level of the industry.
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